What will happen if an exception is not catched


The point from this article I  am interested in is:

The exception handler chosen is said to catch the exception. If the runtime system exhaustively searches all the methods on the call stack without finding an appropriate exception handler, as shown in the next figure, the runtime system (and, consequently, the program) terminates.

That is, what will happen if an exception is not catched? it says the runtime system and program will terminate

I then searched and got to a post on stakoverflow:

C#: what happens if an exception is not caught

one answer is :

Yes. Something “exceptional” has happened, and your program does not know how to handle it, so it must stop execution at that point and “crash”. There will be code that is executed after the crash, such as finally blocks, but basically the party is over for your code.

The best thing to do is to log these events, giving as much intofmation about the state of the system/program at the time of the crash. The Logging Application Block is one of the more robust automatic ways to log errors

Here is another article I read about this: http://www.akadia.com/services/java_exceptions.html

“When an (either checked or unchecked) exception is thrown, execution will attempt to immediately branch to the first catch block whose associated exception class matches the class or a superclass of the thrown exception. If the exception does not occur within a try block or the thrown exception is not caught in a matching catchblock, execution of the method immediately terminates and control returns to the invoker of the method, where this process is repeated. The result is that the exception chain is escalated until a matching catch block is found. If not, the thread containing the thrown exception is terminated.”

In this article, the concept of checked and unchecked exceptions are introduced:”

Exceptions generated from runtime are called unchecked exceptions, since it is not possible for the compiler to determine that your code will handle the exception. Exception classes that descend from RuntimeException and Error classes are unchecked exceptions. Examples for RuntimeException are illegal cast operation, inappropriate use of a null pointer, referencing an out of bounds array element. Errorexception classes signal critical problems that typically cannot be handled by your application. Examples are out of memory error, stack overflow, failure of the Java VM.

Thrown exceptions are referred to as checked exceptions. The compiler will confirm at compile time that the method includes code that might throw an exception. Moreover the compiler requires the code that calls such a method to include this call within a try block, and provide an appropriate catch block to catch the exception.


Last, I also read this:

How does an exception permeate through the code?
A: An unhandled exception moves up the method stack in search of a matching When an exception is thrown from a code which is wrapped in a try block followed by one or more catch blocks, a search is made for matching catch block. If a matching type is found then that block will be invoked. If a matching type is not found then the exception moves up the method stack and reaches the caller method. Same procedure is repeated if the caller method is included in a try catch block. This process continues until a catch block handling the appropriate type of exception is found. If it does not find such a block then finally the program terminates.
What are checked exceptions?
A: Checked exception are those which the Java compiler forces you to catch. e.g. IOException are checked Exceptions.
[ Received from Sandesh Sadhale]
Q: What are runtime exceptions?
A: Runtime exceptions are those exceptions that are thrown at runtime because of either wrong input data or because of wrong business logic etc. These are not checked by the compiler at compile time.
[ Received from Sandesh Sadhale]
Q: What is the difference between error and an exception?
A: An error is an irrecoverable condition occurring at runtime. Such as OutOfMemory error. These JVM errors and you can not repair them at runtime. While exceptions are conditions that occur because of bad input etc. e.g. FileNotFoundException will be thrown if the specified file does not exist. Or a NullPointerException will take place if you try using a null reference. In most of the cases it is possible to recover from an exception (probably by giving user a feedback for entering proper values etc.).
What is the basic difference between the 2 approaches to exception handling.
1> try catch block and
2> specifying the candidate exceptions in the throws clause?
When should you use which approach?
A: In the first approach as a programmer of the method, you urself are dealing with the exception. This is fine if you are in a best position to decide should be done in case of an exception. Whereas if it is not the responsibility of the method to deal with it’s own exceptions, then do not use this approach. In this case use the second approach. In the second approach we are forcing the caller of the method to catch the exceptions, that the method is likely to throw. This is often the approach library creators use. They list the exception in the throws clause and we must catch them. You will find the same approach throughout the java libraries we use.

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